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flag Indonesia Indonesia: Introduction

Capital: Jakarta


Total Population: 249,865,631
Natural Increase: 1.2%
Density: 138 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 52.3%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Jakarta (24,100,000); Bandung (3,829,000); Surabaya (3,700,000); Medan (2,390,000); Palembang (1,600,000); Tangerang (1,545,000); Semarang (1,400,000); Ujung Pandang (1,254,000).
Ethnic Origins: In Indonesia there are more than 300 ethnic groups, the main ones being the Javanese, the Sundanese, the Madurese, the Minangkabau, the Betawi, the Bugis, the Papuans. Amongst the minorities of non-Indonesian origin are the Chinese, Indians and Arabs.
Official Language: Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
Other Languages Spoken: There are more than 660 languages. The most important ones are Javanese (70 million), Sundanese (20 million), Madurese (9 million) and Malay (15 million). English is also spoken.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslims 87%, Protestants 6%, Catholics 3%, Hindus 2%, Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 90.4%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Jakarta
It is %T:%M %A In Denpasar
It is %T:%M %A In Jayapura

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)

Country Overview

Area: 1,910,930 km²
Type of State: Unitary Republic  made up of 440 administrative districts, based on parliamentary democracy with a Presidential form of government.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Leading economy in South East Asia
HDI*: 0.685/1
HDI (World Rank): 108/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Indonesia, Dial 00 or 008
To Make a Call to Indonesia, Dial +62
Internet Suffix: .id
Computers: 2.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 15.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 15.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 64.5% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 89,964135,323176,201190,383187,369
Exports of Goods (million USD) 119,646158,074200,788188,496183,548
Imports of Services (million USD) 27,62525,59930,78833,30233,842
Exports of Services (million USD) 13,23816,21120,11822,52321,948

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: February 2015