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flag Israel Israel: Introduction


The State of Israel has established its capital in Jerusalem, despite the absence of international agreement on the status of this city.


Total Population: 8,059,400
Natural Increase: 1.9%
Density: 372 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 92.0%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Tel Aviv (3,250,000); Jerusalem (1,029,000); Haifa (975,000); Rishon LeZion (220,000).
Ethnic Origins: 52.5% are Sabras (Israeli-born), 22.5% are immigrants (mostly from Europe and the Americas, but also from Asia and Africa) and 20% are Arabs.
Official Language: In Israel the official languages are Hebrew and Arabic. The national language of Israeli is modern Hebrew, but since only 60% of the population was born in Israel, this language is not the mother tongue of nearly half of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: Israeli speak other languages like English, French, Russian, or Yiddish. English is considered as the main foreign language in Israel (main language for international communication), followed by French. Russian is the third important foreign language of the country. Finally, Yiddish is spoken by around 500,000 speakers. Moreover, a large number of other languages are spoken by the people originally from Latin America or Central Europe: Spanish, Rumanian, Hungarian, German, Polish, Persian, Amharic and Tigrinya
Business Language(s): English
Religion: 75.6% Jews and 24.4% non Jews (mostly Muslims 20%, Christians 4.4%).

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Tel Aviv, Jerusalem

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Israeli New Sheqel. (ILS)

Country Overview

Area: 22,070 km²
Type of State: Israel (official name: State of Israel) is a state-nation based on a parliamentary democracy, apart from the military administration in the occupied Palestinian territories.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
The country has the world's greatest number of start-ups; there is also a considerable spending on research and development. The Israeli technological incubators have helped make Israel’s high-tech entrepreneurship world-renowned.
HDI*: 0.888/1
HDI (World Rank): 19/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Israel, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Israel, Dial +972
Internet Suffix: .il
Computers: 73.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 46.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 73.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 49,27861,20975,83075,39274,770
Exports of Goods (million USD) 47,93558,41367,79663,14166,401
Imports of Services (million USD) 16,86518,50820,24220,75119,978
Exports of Services (million USD) 21,96124,75327,39130,85833,123

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: December 2014