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flag Italy Italy: Introduction

Capital: Rome


Total Population: 59,831,093
Natural Increase: 0.5%
Density: 203 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 68.7%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Milan (4,051,000); Rome (3,555,000); Naples (3,000,000); Turin (1,617,000); Palermo (947,000); Catania (831,000); Florence (825,000).
Ethnic Origins: A majority of Italians, with German, French, Catalan Albanian and Croatian minorities
Official Language: Italian is the official language. There are some regions with linguistic minority groups: Alto Adige (German) and Aoste (French)
Other Languages Spoken: You should note that the use of dialects persists in this country. Albanian is spoken by approximately 80,000 people in the South and 50,000 people in the rest of the country. 20,000 residents in the North East of Sardinia speak Gallurese. In addition, the Sardinian language is also spoken in Sardinia by approximately 1.2 million people.
Business Language(s): More and more people have some knowledge of English. For initial contact, it is advisable to correspond in Italian. This could speed up communication and avoid misunderstandings. In any case, most firms are able to communicate in English.
Religion: Catholics 83.4%, No religion 16.1%, Others 0.5%.
Literacy Rate: 98.4%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Rome, Milan

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 301,340 km²
Type of State: Republic based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The economy relies on imports of raw materials and energy; large public debt (over 100% of GDP)
HDI*: 0.872/1
HDI (World Rank): 26/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Italy, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Italy, Dial +39
Internet Suffix: .it
Computers: 36.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 35.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 58.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 415,105487,049558,787488,600477,290
Exports of Goods (million USD) 406,909447,301523,258500,719517,673
Imports of Services (million USD) 107,094108,035113,434104,065106,876
Exports of Services (million USD) 93,95396,775106,274103,904109,769

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: November 2014