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flag Netherlands Netherlands: Introduction

Capital: Amsterdam


Total Population: 16,804,224
Natural Increase: 0.3%
Density: 498 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 89.3%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Amsterdam (1,536,000); Rotterdam (1,187,000); The Hague (1,011,000); Einhoven (440,000).
Ethnic Origins: Dutch 81%, Western 8%, Non-Western 9% (Turks 2,2%, Moroccans 2%, Surinamese 2%, Antilles & Aruba 0,8%), other non-Western 2%.
Official Language: Official languages: Dutch and Frisian.
Other Languages Spoken: Commercial languages: English, German and Spanish. In the Netherlands, the official language is Dutch. However, it is important to note the growing use of English, German and Spanish in business.
Business Language(s): The majority of the population speaks English, which is the most used language in trade.
Religion: Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41% (2002).

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Amsterdam, Rotterdam

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 41,500 km²
Type of State: A constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
An economy which is heavily based on foreign trade; third largest world exporter of agricultural and market gardening products.
HDI*: 0.916/1
HDI (World Rank): 4/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From the Netherlands, Dial 00
To Make a Call to the Netherlands, Dial +31
Internet Suffix: .nl
Computers: 91.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 42.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 93.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 443,153516,409599,035590,352590,293
Exports of Goods (million USD) 497,891574,251667,101655,700663,524
Imports of Services (million USD) 107,522105,510120,897119,539121,152
Exports of Services (million USD) 111,352115,558135,629131,125142,006

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014