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flag Peru Peru: Introduction

Capital: Lima


Total Population: 30,375,603
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 24 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 78.0%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Lima (8,473,000); Arequipa (905,000); Trujillo (680,000); Chiclayo (520,000); Piura (380,000).
Ethnic Origins: 45% native peoples (Quechuas and Aymaras); 37% mixed ethnic origins (between white and native); 15% white; Black and Asian minorities.
Official Language: Spanish and Quechua
Other Languages Spoken: This country is home to more than one hundred different languages. However, Quechua is the largest linguistic native group, followed by Aymara.
Business Language(s): Spanish and English, of which, as a general rule, people do not have a sufficient grasp.
Religion: Catholics 93%, Protestants 5%, Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 87.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Lima

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Peruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN)

Country Overview

Area: 1,285,220 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Agricultural, mining and tourism activities are the dominant sectors.
HDI*: 0.737/1
HDI (World Rank): 82/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Peru, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Peru, Dial +51
Internet Suffix: .pe
Computers: 10.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 11.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 38.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 85.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 21,86530,12638,01142,27443,669
Exports of Goods (million USD) 26,88535,56546,26845,63941,826
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,6195,8886,3447,2317,503
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,5173,5524,2214,9845,662

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: January 2015