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flag Australia Australia: Introduction

Capital: Canberra


Total Population: 23,130,900
Natural Increase: 1.8%
Density: 3 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 89.2%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Sydney (4,400,000); Melbourne (4,077,000); Perth (1,603,000); Brisbane (1,544,000); Adelaide (1,290,000).
Ethnic Origins: Australia today is a multicultural nation with more than 170 different nationalities whose diversity is continually growing.
Official Language: The lingua franca of Australia is English. English is also the common language in different sectors such as the legislature, justice, administrative services, work and correspondence.
Other Languages Spoken: In Australia minority groups use more than 200 languages including the Aborigine languages and immigrant languages (Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Turkish, etc.)
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Anglicans 20%; Catholics 25%; Other Protestant Christians 20%; Buddhists 1.9%; Muslims 1.5%.
A declining majority of people (58% according to certain surveys) say they are Christians. Most Protestant Churches, except the Anglican Church, have merged to form the Uniting Church; the Catholic Church has a large number of believers. There are also non-Christian minorities. 20% of the population say they are non-believers. The Aborigines do not have a religion strictly speaking, their entire culture is based on religion.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Canberra, Melbourne, Sydney
It is %T:%M %A In Adelaide
It is %T:%M %A In Perth

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)

Country Overview

Area: 7,741,220 km²
Type of State: Commonwealth of Australia. Federal State of 6 States and 2 Territories based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Services are dominant in the economy; abundant natural resources; greatest number of national parks and natural reserves in the world.
HDI*: 0.933/1
HDI (World Rank): 2/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Australia, Dial  0011
To Make a Call to Australia, Dial +61
Internet Suffix: .au
Computers: 68.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 45.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 82.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 165,471201,639243,701260,940242,132
Exports of Goods (million USD) 154,331212,634270,387256,680252,728
Imports of Services (million USD) 40,70050,54360,52863,15362,162
Exports of Services (million USD) 40,91145,81650,84852,24052,170

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014