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flag Romania Romania: Introduction

Capital: Bucharest


Total Population: 19,963,581
Natural Increase: -0.6%
Density: 87 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 54.2%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Bucharest (2,151,000); Iași (315,000); Cluj-Napoca (316,000); Timisoara (315,000); Constance (300,000).
Ethnic Origins: Romanian 89.5%; Hungarians 6.6%; Romas 2.5%; Ukrainians 0.3%; Germans 0.3%; Russians 0.2%; Turks 0.2%; Other 0.4%
Official Language: Romanian, spoken by 89.4 % of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: It is important to note that the Hungarian and German are also widely spoken in the country. Regarding foreign languages, the most commonly spoken in Romania are English and French. After a decade, the speaking of Russian has slightly diminished.
Business Language(s): French, English and German.
Religion: Orthodox 86.9%; Protestant 7.5%; Catholic 4.7% Other 1%
Literacy Rate: 97.3%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Bucharest

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Romanian New Leu (RON)

Country Overview

Area: 238,390 km²
Type of State: Parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country.
Romania has developed a market economy and has initiated programs to privatize public enterprises. The country is trying to catch up to the criteria and standards imposed by the European economic model.
HDI*: 0.785/1
HDI (World Rank): 54/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Romania, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Romania, Dial +40
Internet Suffix: .ro
Computers: 19.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 21.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 50.0 per 100 Inhabitants

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 54,32462,12876,47670,20873,398
Exports of Goods (million USD) 40,56749,49963,01257,82465,835
Imports of Services (million USD) 10,0978,1049,4739,22310,142
Exports of Services (million USD) 9,7688,75310,04810,72813,632

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: December 2014