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flag Switzerland Switzerland: Introduction

Capital: Bern


Total Population: 8,081,482
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 205 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 73.8%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Zurich (965,000); Geneva (500,000); Basel (490,000); Bern (340,000); Lausanne (310,000).
Ethnic Origins: Swiss German 65%, French Swiss 18%, Ticino 10%, Others 7%.
Official Language: Switzerland has three official languages: German, French and Italian and four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansch.
Other Languages Spoken: Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish, English.
Business Language(s): English, German, French, and Italian.
Religion: Roman Catholics (41.8%), Protestants (35.3%), Muslims (4.3%), Orthodox (1.8%), Other Christians (0.4%), Others (1%), Unspecified (4.3%), None (11.1%) (2000 census).

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Geneva, Bern, Lausanne

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)

Country Overview

Area: 41,285 km²
Type of State: Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. Confederation of 26 cantons (states/provinces) which enjoy fair amount of decentralization.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Fourth GDP per capita in the world; offshore financial services dominate the economy.
HDI*: 0.918/1
HDI (World Rank): 3/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Switzerland, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Switzerland, Dial +41
Internet Suffix: .ch
Computers: 91.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 56.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 85.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 155,378176,281208,220197,787200,478
Exports of Goods (million USD) 172,474195,609234,819225,949229,121
Imports of Services (million USD) 38,86736,28545,05746,73652,148
Exports of Services (million USD) 72,30981,18992,88388,89193,761

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014