Population of main cities including suburbs:
Istanbul (12,600,000); Ankara (4,000,000); Izmir (3,200,000); Bursa (3,190,000); Gaziantep (1,912,000); Adana (1,556,000).
There are more than 70 Thethnic groups in Turkey. 75% Turks, 20% Kurds, 3-4% Circassians, and also Armenians, Greeks, Georgians, Arabs, Europeans of ethnic origins and the Balkans, Russians...(1-2%).
Other Languages Spoken:
There are several other Altaic languages as well as minorities speaking Kurdish, Greek, Armenian, Bulgarian, Albanian or Circassian. English, French or German are languages used fairly frequently in trade.
English is very commonly used in business.
Muslims 96%. Others: Jews, Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants.
It is %T:%M %A In İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Turkish New Lira (TRY)
Type of State:
Turkey is a republic based on a parliamentary democracy.
Turkey is a "quasi-democratic" State in full transition. The army plays an important role, however informal, in the political life of the country.
Type of Economy:
Upper-middle-income economy, OECD member, Emerging Financial Market.
Economy heavily dependent on agriculture and tourism; importance of mining: 60% of world reserves of boron
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To Make a Call From Turkey, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Turkey, Dial +90
5.1 per 100 Inhabitants
18.6 per 100 Inhabitants
45.1 per 100 Inhabitants
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Last Updates: October 2014