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flag Turkey Turkey: Introduction

Capital: Ankara


Total Population: 74,932,641
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 97 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 72.4%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Istanbul (12,600,000); Ankara (4,000,000); Izmir (3,200,000); Bursa (3,190,000); Gaziantep (1,912,000); Adana (1,556,000).
Ethnic Origins: There are more than 70 Thethnic groups in Turkey. 75% Turks, 20% Kurds, 3-4% Circassians, and also Armenians, Greeks, Georgians, Arabs, Europeans of ethnic origins and the Balkans, Russians...(1-2%).
Official Language: Turkish.
Other Languages Spoken: There are several other Altaic languages as well as minorities speaking Kurdish, Greek, Armenian, Bulgarian, Albanian or Circassian. English, French or German are languages used fairly frequently in trade.
Business Language(s): English is very commonly used in business.
Religion: Muslims 96%. Others: Jews, Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants.
Literacy Rate: 87.4%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Turkish New Lira (TRY)

Country Overview

Area: 783,560 km²
Type of State: Turkey is a republic based on a parliamentary democracy.
Turkey is a "quasi-democratic" State in full transition. The army plays an important role, however informal, in the political life of the country.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, OECD member, Emerging Financial Market.
Economy heavily dependent on agriculture and tourism; importance of mining: 60% of world reserves of boron
HDI*: 0.759/1
HDI (World Rank): 69/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Turkey, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Turkey, Dial +90
Internet Suffix: .tr
Computers: 5.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 18.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 45.1 per 100 Inhabitants

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 140,928185,544240,842236,545251,651
Exports of Goods (million USD) 102,143113,883134,907152,469151,812
Imports of Services (million USD) 15,54418,15919,42019,28522,269
Exports of Services (million USD) 32,62634,52138,46540,62143,713

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014