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flag Latvia Latvia: Introduction

Capital: Riga


Total Population: 2,013,385
Natural Increase: -1.0%
Density: 32 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 67.5%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Riga (878,000); Daugavpils (110,000); Liepaja (85,000); Jelgava (70,000); Jurmala (55,000).
Ethnic Origins: Ethnic origins: Latvians (58.6%), Russians (29.6%), Ukrainians (2.7%), Belarusians (4.1%), Polish (2.5%), Lithuanians (1.4%), Others (1.8%).
Official Language: Latvian
Other Languages Spoken: This country, with 2.5 million inhabitants is home to several linguistic communities. 33.5% of the citizens speak Russian and 4.1% speak Belarusian. Ukrainian is spoken by 3% of the population, Polish by 2.2%, Lithuanian by 1.7%.
Business Language(s): Russian and English
Religion: Lutherans 55%; Catholics 24%; Protestants 29.8%; Orthodox Christians 20%; Jews 3.9%; Anglicans 0.8%; Others 0.8%. About 57.5% of the population is practicing.
Literacy Rate: 99.7%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Riga

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 64,480 km²
Type of State: Democratic parliamentary republic.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country, member of the EU, member of NATO..
An economy built around transport activities for goods and petroleum products; Strategic geographical position which allows the country to trade with CIS countries and Europe.
HDI*: 0.811/1
HDI (World Rank): 48/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Latvia, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Latvia, Dial +371
Internet Suffix: .lv
Computers: 32.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 22.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 74.0 per 100 Inhabitants

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 9,79311,69116,29017,22817,628
Exports of Goods (million USD) 7,6999,53313,13114,09414,511
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,2402,1832,6162,5952,687
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,7823,6444,4434,4954,828

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014