Population of main cities including suburbs:
Damascus (4,350,000); Aleppo (3,000,000); Hama (1,500,000); Hims (823,000).
Arabs 90%; Armenians, Kurds and others 10%.
Other Languages Spoken:
Kurdish (spoken in the north and north east), Armenian (mainly in Aleppo), Turkish (east of the Euphrates) and Aramaic (biblical language spoken north of Damascus). French is spoken rarely, English prevails in large cities.
Arabic, French and English.
Sunni Muslims 74%; Christians (Maronites, Orthodox, others) 10%; Religious communities derived from Islam: Alawites, Druzes, Ismaelians 16%; A small Jewish community (mainly in Damascus, Kamishli and Aleppo).
It is %T:%M %A In Damascus
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Syrian Pound (SYP)
Type of State:
Syria is a republic officially based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy:
A country that depends a lot on its petroleum activity. It ranks 29th in the world with production of 26 million tons. Agriculture employs 35% of the active population.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To Make a Call From Syria, Dial 00 or +
To Make a Call to Syria, Dial +963
20.9 per 100 Inhabitants
24.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
92.7% of the Population
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Last Updates: January 2015