Population of main cities (including suburbs):
Kiev (3,300,000); Kharkiv (1,674,000); Donetsk (1,570,000); Dnipropetrovsk (1,480,000); Odessa (1,200,000); Lviv (1,040,000); Zaporizhzhya (782,000).
Ukrainians 77.8%, Russians 17.3%, Others 4.9%.
Other Languages Spoken:
The Constitution protects minority languages, especially Russian which is spoken in the center, south and in the east of the country. Indeed, Russian speaking people are the most significant national minority in Ukraine (22%). Otherwise, the administration only uses Ukrainian. However, the majority of civil servants are bilingual, even if some of them prefer using Russian. In Crimea, the language spoken is Tatar. It is highly recommended to speak only Ukrainian in the western part of the country.
Russian remains the language of business except in the west of the country. Although there are more and more people with some knowledge of English, an interpreter is often required.
Orthodox: 83.7% (Kyiv Patriarchate: 50.4%, Moscow Patriarcate: 26.1%, Autocephalous Orthodox: 7.2%), Ukrainian Greek Catholic: 8%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant: 2.2%, Jewish: 0.6%, Other: 3.3%.
It is %T:%M %A In Kiev
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH)
Type of State:
Type of Economy:
Developing market economy.
Importance of the agricultural sector (10% of GDP); economy greatly dependent on Russian gas; the country has been hardly hit by the economic crisis
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
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3.9 per 100 Inhabitants
27.1 per 100 Inhabitants
33.7 per 100 Inhabitants
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Last Updates: February 2015