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flag Venezuela Venezuela: Introduction

Capital: Caracas


Total Population: 30,405,207
Natural Increase: 1.5%
Density: 34 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 88.9%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Caracas (3,478,000); Maracaibo (1,868,000); Valencia (1,750,000); Barquisimeto (1,500,000); Maracay (1,125,000); Ciudad Guayana (1,000,000).
Ethnic Origins: The origins of the population are Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, African and native. Population of mixed ethnic origins: 67%, white population: 21%, population of African origin: 10%, native population: 2%.
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: English, French, German and Portuguese are also spoken by some sections of the population.
Business Language(s): Even if English is used, it is still strongly advisable to speak Spanish. Most of the population does not speak English and all official documents must be drawn up in Spanish.
Religion: Catholics 96%, Protestants 2%, Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 93.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Caracas

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Venezuelan Bolivar (VEF)

Country Overview

Area: 912,050 km²
Type of State: Bolivarian Republic. Federal state based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
Economy highly dependent on fluctuating oil prices.
HDI*: 0.764/1
HDI (World Rank): 67/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Venezuela, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Venezuela, Dial +58
Internet Suffix: .ve
Computers: 8.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 25.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 44.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 40,59739,50048,20060,50053,500
Exports of Goods (million USD) 57,59565,74592,81197,34086,700
Imports of Services (million USD) 9,22312,55515,03117,07617,109
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,8051,6271,7021,8511,926

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014