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flag Vietnam Vietnam: Introduction

Capital: Hanoi


Total Population: 89,708,900
Natural Increase: 1.0%
Density: 289 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 32.3%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Ho Chi Minh City (7,100,000); Hanoi (6,500,000); Haiphong (1,885,000); Danang City (700,000).
Ethnic Origins: There are more than 54 ethnic minorities throughout the country, but the Kinh are purveyors of the dominant culture. Most ethnic minorities, such as the Muong, a closely related ethnic of the Kinh, are found mostly in the highlands covering two-thirds of the territory. The Hoa (ethnic Chinese) and Khmer Krom are mainly lowlanders. The largest ethnic minority groups include the Hmong, Dao, Tay, Thai, and Nung.
Official Language: Vietnamese
Other Languages Spoken: French and Chinese are also spoken.
Business Language(s): Vietnamese, then English and Chinese. French, Japanese and Korean are also spoken.
Religion: Buddhists 85%, Christians 8%, Others 7%.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Hanoi

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Vietnamese Dong (VND)

Country Overview

Area: 330,951 km²
Type of State: Single Party Socialist Republic.
Type of Economy: Developing economy.
One of the fastest-growing economies of South-East Asia. The second largest rice exporter in the world.
HDI*: 0.639/1
HDI (World Rank): 121/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Vietnam, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Vietnam, Dial +84
Internet Suffix: .vn
Computers: 1.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 11.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 39.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 69,94984,839106,750113,780132,125
Exports of Goods (million USD) 57,09672,23796,906114,529132,135
Imports of Services (million USD) 6,7599,77111,70712,35313,015
Exports of Services (million USD) 5,6667,3558,5819,51010,380

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014