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flag Bulgaria Bulgaria: Introduction

Capital: Sofia


Total Population: 7,265,115
Natural Increase: -0.6%
Density: 67 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 73.3%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Sofia (1,455,000); Plovdiv (350,000); Varna (320,000); Burgas (190,000); Ruse (160,000).
Ethnic Origins: Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, etc).
Official Language: Bulgarian
Other Languages Spoken: Many Bulgarians have some level of Russian language comprehension. German and French are also widely spoken.
Business Language(s): Russian, English, German and French. Turkish is also used for business in the South.
Religion: Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census).
Literacy Rate: 98.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Sofia

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)

Country Overview

Area: 111,000 km²
Type of State: Republic state based on parliamentary democracy working under a pluriform multi-party political system.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country.
The country is a crossroads between Europe and Asia.
HDI*: 0.778/1
HDI (World Rank): 58/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Bulgaria, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Bulgaria, Dial +359
Internet Suffix: .bg
Computers: 5.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 30.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 55.1 per 100 Inhabitants

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 23,53925,51332,58232,71034,262
Exports of Goods (million USD) 16,31820,63028,20826,71529,470
Imports of Services (million USD) 5,0184,1604,2264,3864,746
Exports of Services (million USD) 6,8226,6307,4317,3717,551

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: December 2014