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flag Cyprus Cyprus: Introduction

Capital: Nicosia


Total Population: 1,141,166
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 124 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 67.1%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Levkosia (230,000); Lemesos (180,000); Larnaka (80,000); Nea Pafos (50,000).
Ethnic Origins: The Republic of Cyprus is divided into two parts, the Greek part (77%) under the control of the Republic of Cyprus, and the Turkish Occupied area in the North (18%), as well as other Christian ethnic groups (Armenians etc..). Nicosia retains the distinction of being the very last divided capital in the World.
Official Language: Greek and Turkish
Other Languages Spoken: English is widely spoken. French and German are also spoken within the tourism industry.
Business Language(s): English, French, German
Religion: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic and other 4%.
Literacy Rate: 96.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Nicosia

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 9,250 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy. The internationally recognized government is the one that controls the southern two-thirds of the island named "Republic of Cyprus". The Northern one-third is Turkish-occupied and only recognized internationally by Turkey. It is called "the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus".
Type of Economy: Well developed economy, member of the European Union and Eurozone (the application of the european legal framework is suspended in the north part), with great potentials in attracting foreign investment.
A liberal economy with favourable business laws and high potentials of development; Unemployment rate among the lowest in Europe; extreme dependence on tourism.
HDI*: 0.846/1
HDI (World Rank): 32/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Cyprus, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Cyprus, Dial +357
Internet Suffix: .cy
Computers: 30.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 33.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 61.0 per 100 Inhabitants

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 7,8358,5698,6777,2966,292
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,2581,4021,8181,7371,959
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,0473,1803,6313,5853,279
Exports of Services (million USD) 9,6657,8318,5247,7817,527

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

See the latest updates in the Country Profiles from Cyprus.

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Last Updates: October 2014