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flag Libya Libya: Introduction

Capital: Tripoli


Total Population: 6,201,521
Natural Increase: 0.8%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 78.2%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Tripoli (2,270,000); Benghazi (1,500,000); Misratah (386,000); Tarhunah (210,000).
Ethnic Origins: The population is made up of 97% Arabs and some Berbers.

The country has a very large majority of Arabs, a few Tuaregs (essentially in the Fezzan, along the border with Algeria and Niger) and a minority of Berbers (in the Djebel Nefusa and at Zwara).

Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English, Italian.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Sunni Muslims (97% of the population).
Literacy Rate: 84.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Tripoli

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Lybian Dinar (LYD)

Country Overview

Area: 1,759,540 km²
Type of State: Republican (in transition).
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy dependent on the hydrocarbon sector. The country is in economic transition..
Since 1999, the Libyan authorities have aimed at making the Libyan economy more efficient through a policy of opening up and liberalization which benefits the private sector and investment. Libya is currently facing a political transition which affects its economy.
HDI*: 0.785/1
HDI (World Rank): 55/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Libya, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Libya, Dial +218
Internet Suffix: .ly
Telephone Lines: 12.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 19.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.8% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 10,00017,6748,00022,00027,000
Exports of Goods (million USD) 37,16248,67318,00062,21644,000
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,3235,2513,555152-
Exports of Services (million USD) 38541040152-

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014