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flag Kazakhstan Kazakhstan: Selling and Buying

In this page: Market Access Procedures | Reaching the Consumers | Distributing a Product | Organizing Goods Transport | Identifying a Supplier

 

Market Access Procedures

International Conventions
Party to the Kyoto Protocol
Party to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Main International Economic Cooperation
Kazakhstan is a member of the Organization of Shanghai Cooperation, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Common Economic Area and the Organization of Economic Cooperation.
Non Tariff Barriers
Today, most goods can be imported without license although each time a signed contract has to be shown to the authorities. However, an import license is necessary for any set of products: chemicals, medicines, medical equipment, oil exploration and waste equipment...
Import of narcotics, arms and ammunitions is prohibited.
Customs Duties and Taxes on Imports
Customs duty is variable as per the products. The customs duty is calculated on the CNF value of the goods (transactional value + packing cost + transport cost). Few products are exempted from import duty. In export, nearly all products are exempted from custom duty. 

Excise duties are collected on the following products: alcoholic drinks, tobacco, oil products, private cars, jewellery, leather and fur garments, crystals, salmon and caviar. The excise duty tariff can vary from 7 to 100%.

Visit the information portal on taxes and customs duty.



Customs Classification
Visitthe information portal on taxes and customs duties.
Import Procedures
Visit the website of Customs Authorities as well as the document "Doing Business in Kazakhstan: 2008 Country".
Importing Samples
The declarations can be made through Internet on the website Web-declarant
 
 
For Further Information
Customs Control Committee

Learn more about Traders, Agents in Kazakhstan on Globaltrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Reaching the Consumers

Marketing Opportunities

Consumer Behavior
Slightly more than half of Kazakhs live in cities, mostly in Almaty, Chimkent, Qyzylorda, Astana and Atyrau. There is a strong disparity of salaries between different regions and sectors of activity: the salaries received in finance and mines are the highest, those of employees in social services, health and education are the lowest.
Consumer Profile and Purchasing Power
Since the end of Soviet rule, there has been a growing middle-class in Kazakhstan, which is now estimated to comprise nearly a fifth of the population and holds responsibility for the majority of goods sold in the country. With a rise in real incomes, consumers are increasingly demanding quality products and brand names. Inexpensive Russian and Chinese goods flow across Kazakhstan’s borders, but Western goods and expertise are also in demand. In some cases, consumers are willing to pay more for imported goods that offer higher quality and innovation. Customer service in Kazakhstan is often unsatisfactory; however, providing customers with after-sales service could give businesses an added-value.
Consumers Associations
Potrebitel , National Consumer league of Kazakhstan
Main Advertising Agencies
The website "Reklame Kazakhstan" lists the companies working in the advertising sector.
This website lists the advertising agencies in Kazakhstan
Kuik is specialised in typesetting advertising

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Distributing a Product

Market Shares
The main distributors of food products, clothing, perfumery, and other every day consumption products are Boutya, Interfood and Smat.
Organizations in the Retail Sector
Association of markets and trading sector companies and services of Kazakhstan (for contact : riza_group@mail.ru).It is a member of the company and employer's union "Atameken".

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Organizing Goods Transport

Main Useful Means of Transport
Kazakshtan is a country enclosed in the heart of Eurasia. The main means of goods transport are railways, road and air transport.
Ports
Aktau International Port
Atyrau port
Airports
Almaty International Airport
Sea Transport Organizations
Authority for transports and communications routes of the Ministry of Transport and Communications
Air Transport Organizations
Civil Aviation Authority of the Ministry of Transport and Communication
Road Transport Organizations
Road Transport Authority of the Ministry of Transport and Communication
Rail Transport Organizations
Kazakh Railways

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Identifying a Supplier

Type of Production
Apart from crude oil and natural gas, Kazakhstan produces minerals whose reserves are still less explored. There is a production of iron ore in Karaganda. In the siderurgy and non ferrous metallurgy sector, we find refined copper, lead, zinc, bauxite (Alumina plant in Pavlodar), uranium (15% of the world's reserves), tungsten, nickel (Uralnikel complex near Orsk city), manganese, gold, and silver. There are also coal mines in Karaganda and Ekibasturz. In addition, the country produces tractors and other agricultural machines, construction material and electric motors. Moreover, Kazakhstan is seeking to modernize and diversify away from overdependence on extractive industries and is thus trying to build a high-tech capacity.

Business Directories

Multi-sector Directories
A-Business - Business directory in the city of Almaty.
All.biz - Kazakhstan - Directory of companies in Kazakhstan.
Central Asia Commerce - Business resource and directory of Central Asia.
Yellow pages of Kazakhstan - Find a business in Kazakhstan.
 
 
Manufacturers Associations of the Main Industries
6 professional associations listed for Kazakhstan.
 
Trade Agencies and Their Representations Abroad
Chamber of commerce and industry Astana, Kazakhstan
American Chamber of Commerce in Kazakhstan
Enterprises Federation
Atameken: Union of entrepreneurs (in Kazakh)
Association of Small scale industries
 
 

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Last Updates: January 2015