Canada uses supply management systems - which involve production quotas, producer marketing boards to regulate price and supply, and border protection achieved through tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) - to regulate its dairy, chicken, turkey, and egg industries. Alcoholic beverages are subject to interprovincial shipping restrictions, and are regulated differently in each province, for example through sales quotas, requirements for in-province agents and specific labeling.The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) imposes quotas that determine both the minimum Canadian programming expenditure (CPE) and the minimum amount of Canadian programming that licensed Canadian broadcasters must carry (Exhibition Quota).
Some goods are prohibited, especially importing second hand motorized vehicles, except for vehicles coming from the USA (the rules are becoming more flexible for Mexico), as well as weapons, munitions, nuclear materials and goods of a similar nature. Health Canada restricts the marketing of breakfast cereals and other products, such as orange juice, that are fortified with vitamins and/or minerals at certain levels. Processed Products Regulations prescribe standard container sizes for a wide range of processed fruit and vegetable products.
The rules of origin allowing reduction of duties, especially for textiles, have been draconian since the agreements within the NAFTA (annex 401 on the original rules, incorporated afterwards in national legislation). These rules are considerably favorable to products which have proof of their origin in the USA.
Moreover, Canada is one of the big users of anti-dumping measures, with more than 85 products concerned (SIMA, Special Import Measures Act). These measures affect 35 countries or Customs areas (including the EU, for example). More than 50% of the products concerned are metallurgical.
For further information about import regulations and procedures in Canada, please consult the article Importing Goods into Canada produced by the Canada Border Services Agency.
Alberta: Petrochemicals and oil sands
British Columbia: Natural Gas
Manitoba: Canola (colza) and Wheat
Saskatchewan: Mining and cereal growing
Newfoundland and Labrador: Nickel and oil fields
New Brunswick: Wood pulp
Prince Edward Island: Agriculture
Nova Scotia: Services sector
Quebec: Hydro-electric energy, Aerospace, Metal processing and pharmaceuticals
Nunavut: Diamond mines
North West Territories: Mineral and oil exploration
Yukon: Mineral extraction and exploration
Source : Canada's Performance Report, Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
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Last Updates: October 2014