Morocco

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LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2004: 12,1% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

30 586 142  
12 460 183  
41%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2003  

43.9%  
20.2%  
35.9%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Employment contracts are regulated by legal clauses and to a lesser degree by collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The terms of employment contracts are rather rigid. However, the conditions for hiring and the limits for dismissal are not regulated.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/2003: US$ 180 for industrial sector


Social security contributions

Employer: 10.48 %.

Employee: 3.26 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 48 hours

Retirement age: 60 in general and 55 for miners.

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:5 %.

Unions: There are three main trade unions amongst the 17 existing: the Moroccan Union of Work ( UMT), Démocratic Confederation of Work ( CDT), and the General Union of Moroccan Workers ( UGTM).


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws


Last modified in January 2006
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