Poland

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:

LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2004: 18,8% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

38 160 000  
20 098 108  
53%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2004  

19.3%  
27%  
53.8%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Employment contracts are regulated by legal clauses and to a lesser degree by collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The terms of employment contracts, the conditions for hiring and the limits for dismissal are extremely rigid.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/2003: 201 euros

Average wage for a employee in the manufacturing industry in 2004: 2134.37 zlotys by  month (ILO data)


Social security contributions

Employer: 17.62%.

Employee: 18.45%.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 42 hours

Retirement age: 60 for women and 65 for men.

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:13 %.

Unions: Poland's Free and Independent Trade Union (NSZZ), Alliance of all Polish Trade Unions ( OPZZ ) and the Polish Union of professors (ZNP) can be listed.


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws


Last modified in January 2006
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