Romania

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:

LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2001: 6.6% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

21 857 702  
..  
..  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2003  

35.7%  
29.8%  
34.5%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Legal clauses regulate employment contracts and to a lesser degree collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The terms of employment contracts and the conditions for hiring are extremely rigid.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/03: 73 euros

Average wage for a employee in the manufacturing industry in 2003: 5804147 lei by  month (ILO data)


Social security contributions

Employer: from 34 % to 44 %.

Employee: 9 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 40 hours

Retirement age: 57 for women and 62 for men.

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:N/A.

Unions: The following confederations can be listed: National Free Trade Union Confederation of Romania (C.N.S.L.R.-FR TIA) and Cartel Alfa.


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws

- Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity


Last modified in January 2006
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