Turkey

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:

LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2001: 8.5% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

71 727 048  
34 414 636  
48%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2003  

33.9%  
22.8%  
43.4%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Employment contracts are above all regulated by individual negotiations.
The terms of employment contracts and the limits for dismissal are rigid.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of : 302 EUR

Average wage for a employee in the manufacturing industry in 1997: 77.25 liras by  month (ILO data)


Social security contributions

Employer: 19.5 %.

Employee: 14 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 45 hours

Retirement age: 50 for women and 55 for men.

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:12 %.

Unions: There are 3 confederations: the Turkish confederation of trade unions ( Turk-Is); the Turkish Confederation of the true trade unions (Hak-Is); and the Confederation of the progressist trade unions ( DISK ).


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws

- Ministry of Labor and Social Security

- Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association - TÜSIAD

- Turkish Confederation of Employers Associations (TISK)


Last modified in January 2006
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