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Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in : (ILO data)

Working population:
Source : Worldbank

Employment by sector:
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data


Employment contracts
The employer is obliged to sign a collective agreement, unless there is no representative Union or, temporarily, if there is no agreement about the collective agreement within 60 days following the start of negotiations. In both these cases, the employer must draw up a book of rules, which must conform to the contracts and to the Law.
Any person over 15 and in good general health can be employed. The work contract may be fixed-term, for a year maximum, or open-ended. A work contract may be drawn up for part-time work, and in that case social security contributions are calculated proportionally to the time worked. It is possible to employ trainees, for a year maximum.
The law concerning work has greatly evolved over the last five years. Measures have been taken to make the labor market more flexible; up to now it had mostly favored employees : now hiring and firing have been made easier, maternity leave shortened. Amendments to the law concerning work are expected in the coming months.


National monthly minimum wage as of : Legal monthly minimum wage : 8,004 CSD (about 105 euros)

Social security contributions

Employer: 17.9%

Employee: 17.9%


Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 40 hours. A reduction of working hours may be signed between the employer and the employees with a minimum of 36 hours a week.

Retirement age: 65 for men and 60 for women, provided they have worked for 15 years.
63 for men and 58 for women, provided they have worked for 20 years.
53, provided men have worked for 40 years and women for 35 years.



Average rate of union membership: 41% ( 2003 figure, according to a survey).

Unions: The Confederation of Serbian Autonomous Unions is the oldest Union (

Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws

- the site of the Serbian Ministry of Labor (only in Serbian)

- the site of the ILO

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