In this page:
Entry Requirements |
Organizing Your Trip |
Living Conditions |
Different Forms of Tourism
-Museum of Gold in Bogota
-The Caribbean Sea coasts and San Andres y Providenzia Islands, off Nicaragua
Colombia, the fourth country of the sub-continent in area, has an extremely diverse relief. In addition, it is the only country bordered by both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, nearly 3 000 km of coastline. The landscapes of western Colombia are characterized by the mountains of the Cordillera of the Andes. Several summits rise to about 5 000 m; the highest summits in the country are in the Sierra de Santa Marta, the highest coastal range in the world. The Andes are divided into two chains: the western Cordillera and the central Cordillera. Two great rivers irrigate the valleys, the Magdalena and the Cauca. The east of the country is composed of two large regions: the Llanos, the vast plains of the Orinoco, and in the south, the Amazonian region, bordering Peru and Brazil.
Colombia offers tourists all possible climates, from the tropical beaches on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts, the mountains of the Cordillera of the Andes, and many other curiosities. For further information about tourism in Colombia, consult the website of the Colombian Tourism Office.
Health and Safety
- Health Precautions
MAIN HEALTH RISKS
- All rural areas situated under 1 800 meters altitude are malaria infected. The strains present in the country are resistant to chloroquine.
- Dengue fever is present in the country.
- Yellow fever is endemic in the Magdalena valley, the eastern Cordillera, the Uraba region, the Orinoco, Amazonia and the Sierra Nevada.
- People who suffer from respiratory or heart illnesses, or high blood pressure may be affected by altitude sickness.
- Tuberculosis is common in the country.
- Rabies exists in the country.
- Diarrheic illnesses are widespread.
- Hepatitis A: for persons born before 1945, who spent their childhood in a developing country, or who have a medical history of icterus, a prior testing for serum antibodies (Ig G) may avoid an unnecessary vaccination. Hepatitis B.
- Diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis.
- For Further Information on Sanitary Conditions
Health Information for Travelers to Colombia.
|All types of emergencies in Bogota
|National Red Cross
Time Difference and Climate
- Time and Time Difference
It is %T:%M %A In Bogotá (GMT-5 )
- Summer Time Period
The summer and winter seasons merge.
Map of the Time Zone
- Type of Climate
Colombia only has two seasons; summer corresponds to the dry season (December - January and July - August) and winter to the rainy season (April - May and October - November). The climate varies according to region and altitude with a relative stability of temperatures all year round. From the humid tropical climate of Amazonia or the Caribbean, the desert climate of Guajija, to the glacial temperatures of the Paramos (more than 3 000 meters altitude), Colombia offers all variations of climate and temperature, to their very extremes. The average temperature is from 25°C to 35°C in the country. There are 12 hours of daylight a day.
- For Further Information
Colombian system of environmental information
Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall
- Food Specialties
Colombian gastronomy is like its people, a mix of Spanish, Amerindian and African cuisines. Meals most often start with a vegetable or meat-based soup, the main course is generally beef, pork or chicken accompanied by rice, plantains, red beans, manioc or potatoes and a salad. On the Pacific and Caribbean coasts, meals consist of a soup of fish and guinea bananas or plantains, and fish, most often fried, accompanied by coconut rice and fried plantains. Desserts consist of all sorts of fruit (apples, citrus fruit, bananas, strawberries...) including many tropical fruits, unknown or almost in our latitudes (curuba, zapote, uchuva, guanabana...). As for pastries, you can find coconut flans and cakes, as well as other specialties...
For further information about Colombian gastronomy (typical dishes and recipes) click here.
Meals are accompanied by tropical fruit juices, with fabulous tastes (lulo, passion fruit, papaya, tamarindo...) or sodas of different flavors. Coffee is, of course, the national drink, and it is served everywhere. Black, it is "tinto" and with a little milk "pintado". It is generally quite sweet unless you ask otherwise, and it is more or less strong according to the region. There are several cheap local beers; Aguila, Costeña and Poker are those drunk most. As for strong spirits, aguardiente is drunk without too much moderation by the middle classes, as well as rum on the Caribbean coast.
- Dietary Restrictions
There are no food restrictions in Colombia.
- Domestic Currency
- ISO Code
- To Obtain Domestic Currency
The currency is the Colombian peso. It is issued in bills of 1 000, 2 000, 5 000 and 10 000 pesos and in coins of 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 pesos.
- Possible Means of Payment
In large cities, you can pay with a credit card; in rural areas and in small shops, you pay in cash.
- Official Language
- Other Languages Spoken
There are still approximately 60 Amerindian languages in Colombia, and palenquero which is spoken by the Afro-descendants of the Palenque region.
- Business Language
- Free Translation Tools
Systran : Free French-Spanish-French translation of texts and web pages
Dictionarios.com : Free Spanish-Catalan-English-French Dictionary
Learn more about Travel in Colombia on Globaltrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.
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Last Updates: October 2014