In this page:
Entry Requirements |
Organizing Your Trip |
Living Conditions |
Different Forms of Tourism
Lithuania is rich in historical spots. Over history, it has had different capitals - Kaunas (capital for two decades in the first half of the 20th century), Trakai, Kernave (renowned for its hill-forts designated as a UNESCO world heritage site in 2004) ; these 3 cities have a lot of historical monuments to see (castle in Kaunas, Monastery, cathedrals).
Gothic, baroque and classical styles are dominant in the monuments of Lithuania.
History museums are found in Vilnius and they reveal the elaborate and torturous history of the country. Another interesting and different museum is the one called the Devils Museums in Kaunas which holds the largest collection of devils in the world.
It should be noted that Vilnius and the Austrian city of Linz will jointly become European capitals of Culture (in Russian) in 2009.
Concerts of classical music are held in Lithuania and the Vilnius Festival offfers during summer more than 100 classical music concerts.
It is also worth noting that Lithuania hosts more than 30 theatres producing fine performances and original interpretations as well. A contemporary Art centre is also found in Vilnius.
Mass tourism has not yet spoiled Lithuania's nature. Tourists can indeed find dense forests and many lakes with different wildlives. National parks are also numerous such as: Zemaitija, Dzukija, Trakai and Lithuania has protected areas.
Many churches and cathedrals are found in Vilnius. We can cite the Church of All Saints, the Church of our Lady of the Assumption, the Bernardine Church, the Church of Saint Nicolas.
For more information click on this site
In the 15th and 16th centuries, the areas of Birstonas and Druskininkai were the locations where the rulers of Lithuania used to relax and in the 19th century, local natural mineral waters were analyzed and their curative nature discovered. Today, treatment facilities including spa resorts are found in those areas and mud and salt treatments are offered.
The Baltic coast offers good possibilities for swimming and beach activities. The seaside resort of Palanga is a good destination for beach lovers and a more typical spot is Neringa.
- Winter Sports
Stable winters and great infrastructure offers good possibility for winter holidays. Ski resorts are situated nearly 50 miles from the capital Vilnius and you should reach them by bus or car. The ski resort of Anyksciai Kalita is especially popular among tourists. For information about ski in Lithuania, the following website should be visited.
- Outdoor Activities
Due to the richness of its nature, many different outdoor activities can be performed. Fishing, horse riding, bird watching, hunting, hiking are among the most popular activities.
In Vilnius, traditional handicrafts are found as well as modern and famous brand names, thus offering the possibility to have different types of shopping. The prices are also attractive in comparison with other European countries. It is worth also citing the jewelry market which is full of pieces with amber.
Health and Safety
- Health Precautions
No particular vaccination required when visiting Lithuania. No yellow fever vaccination recommended.
- For Further Information on Sanitary Conditions
Lithuanian Health Information Centre
Time Difference and Climate
- Time and Time Difference
It is %T:%M %A In Vilnius (GMT+2 in winter, GMT+3 in summer)
- Summer Time Period
Summer time from March to October
Map of the Time Zone
- Type of Climate
The weather in Lithuania is mid-way between maritime and continental. The weather is changeable, with mild, wet summers and cold winters. Winter temperatures are usually below freezing. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, but more rain tends to fall on the coast. Summer is the wettest season and cloudly skies are common. There is a vast gap between summer and winter temperatures (30°C to 0°C).
- For Further Information
Lithuania Hydrometeorological Service
Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall
- Food Specialties
Lithuanian cuisine is influenced by the culture of various nationalities. A distinctive trait of the Lithuanian cuisine is the presence of potato dishes. The most impressive of these is the "cepelinai" ("zeppelins"), large boiled potato dumplings with fillings of minced meat or cottage cheese. Another specialty is the "Kugel", a cake of potatoes of German influence. Soup is also very popular in Lithuania and made of fresh vegetables. The traditional dessert called "Layered Napoleon" is one of the sweet treats in the country.
Each region has its own specialty. Central/northeastern Lithuania is renowned for its dough-based dishes such as pancakes and dumplings. The specialty of South Lithuania is mushrooms. In Western Lithuania, various types of meats are produced including "Skilandis" (cold smoked pig's stomach stuffed with minced meat and garlic).
Traditional beverages are "gira" (non-alcoholic drink made from rye bread), "kisielius" (cranberry drink), beer, various spirit drinks with fruit or herbal infusions and of course mead.
- Dietary Restrictions
No particular restrictions are reported in Lithuania.
- Domestic Currency
- ISO Code
- To Obtain Domestic Currency
The currency is the Litas or LTL.
- Possible Means of Payment
Cash payments are only accepted in local currency. It is possible to make exchanges in banks and exchange offices. Many shopping centres or other outlets accept credit cards such as Visa.
- Official Language
- Other Languages Spoken
Russian and Polish are also spoken in the country. Indeed, Russian-speaking citizens represent approximately 9% of the population and Poles 7%. Therefore, Russian is the second language of Lithuanians. In Lithuania, there are also some minorities speaking Ukrainian, Byelorussian, Latvian and Tatar.
- Business Language
Lithuanian, Russian and English.
- Getting Some Knowledge
Online Lithuanian can be learned at the following websites: Debeselis or Oneness.
- Free Translation Tools
Freewebs : Free English-Lithuanian-English dictionary
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Last Updates: January 2015